History: January 7

January 7

1718 Birth: Israel Putnam, the American Revolutionary War hero who planned the fortifications at the Battle of Bunker Hill and told his men, "Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes."

Blanchard                                                         Jeffries

1785 French aeronaut/balloonist Jean-Pierre Blanchard, and an American, John Jeffries, successfully make the first air-crossing of the English Channel from the English coast to France.

1789 The first US presidential election is held. Americans vote for electors who, a month later, choose George Washington to be the nation's first president. Note: There was never any question of anyone other than Washington getting the first nod. The basic structure of the government was practically dictated by the Virginia slave owner. It was only due to the almost universal trust in which he was held that the Constitutional Convention agreed, against their better judgment in some cases, to a strong executive authority. The executive power was much stronger than some of the founders, a group of radical revolutionaries after all, were comfortable with; notably Jefferson, who was in France doing the nations business when the deal was struck. The conservative nature of the final stages of the American Revolution is unique among upheavals of that kind, and was no doubt decisive in ensuring the very survival of the Union and it's continuing long term success.

1885 Klara Plotzl and Alois Hitler, legally first cousins but possibly even more closely related, are married at 6:00 AM: The early hour is necessary so that Alois can make it to work that day. Klara is already at least 5 months pregnant, having conceived while keeping house for Alois and his dying second wife, Fanni. "We were married at six o'clock in the morning, and my husband was already at work by seven." That evening there is a wedding reception at the Gasthof zum Pommer, where the Hitler's are domiciled, but the couple have no honeymoon.

1903 Birth: Albrecht Haushofer, Son of Karl Haushofer with close ties to members of the British aristocracy. Often associated with Rudolf Hess. Killed after the July 20, 1944 assassination attempt against Hitler.

1916 WW1: Germany notifies the US State Department that it will abide by strict international rules of maritime warfare.

1918 WW1: After defeating the Russians, the Germans move 75,000 troops from the Eastern Front to the Western Front.

1919 Jan 7- 14 William H. Buckler, U.S. Embassy counselor in London, is sent by President Wilson to confer with Maxim Litvinov and other Soviet (Bolshevik) emissaries in Stockholm.

1931 Weimar: Dr.Hjalmar Schacht meets with Hitler for the first time and is impressed by Hitler's eloquence and absolute conviction. Before long, Schacht begins telephoning politicians, urging that the National Socialists be incorporated into a coalition government.

1934 Holocaust: Germany bars "non-Aryans" from adopting "Aryan" children.

1934 Six-thousand pastors in Berlin defy the Nazis, insisting that they will not be muzzled.

1935 An agreement is signed between France and Italy adjusting their conflicting aims in Africa.

1937 Heiress to the Dutch throne, Princess Juliana, marries Prince Bernhard.


1941 Holocaust: Himmler writes to Seyss-Inquart, inviting him to Wewelsburg castle to discuss "Many important and ultimate matters."

1942 WW2: The Arcadia Conference comes to an end. This is the first get-together among the Allies since Pearl Harbor. During the proceedings each of the 26 signatory nations agreed to use all of their military and economic resources to defeat the Axis, pledging not to make a separate peace or armistice with the enemy.

1943 WW2: President Roosevelt delivers his Tenth State of the Union Message saying, "...I do believe the year of 1943 will give the United Nations a very substantial advance along the roads that lead to Berlin and Rome and Tokyo."

1945 WW2: Arrow Cross terror squads attack Swedish "protective houses" in Budapest.

1945 WW2: William Joyce, aka Lord Haw-Haw, reports total German victory at Ardennen.

1953 President 'Give Em Hell' Harry Truman announces in his State of the Union address that the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb.

1955 The first atomic submarine, the U.S.S. Nautilus(SSN-571), sets sail

1959 The United States recognizes Fidel Castro's new government in Cuba.

1989 Death: Emperor Hirohito of Japan dies of cancer, in Tokyo at age 87. He is succeeded by his son Crown Prince Akihito, a fish biologist.

1990 Too Much Of A Good Thing: The Tower Of Pisa is closed to the public after leaning too far.










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